FFA2014: Darci Vetter, Department of Agriculture, USA

How the US look at the key barriers which include regulation on biotechnology. The US priority is on speeding the approvals of the evaluated products, but the European scientific review includes some more steps that request more significant time.  [01:20 – 02:03]

GM Crops: EU Policies on Trade and Development

The EU is the world’s biggest importer of agricultural commodities, many of which are based on GM crops. Despite its dependency, the EU is putting up “regulatory barriers” for import, which have already resulted in trade disruptions and higher prices.

Dr. Pedro B. Arcuri, Embrapa: Status of biotech crops in Brazil

GM crops are now about 70%-80% of the cultivated area in Brazil. Biotechnology is not only helping farmers cultivate but it also ensures employment and helps Brazilian society through trade.

Fabio Niespolo, Futuragra, Italy

Europe is losing time due to the slower pace of GMO approvals compared to the main exporting countries. As ‘purity’ does not exist in agriculture, many trade issues could be dealt with by introducing a threshold for GM materials in batches of conventional seeds.

FFA2014: Increasing the Competitiveness and Investment in Farm Businesses

As for the TTIP, GMOs are a main focus on which the US insists to gain access to the European market. Listen to FFA video [09:30 – 09:55], [16:50 – 18:55], [29:00 – 30:03,] [57:00 – 58:00], [01:07:54 – 01:09:14].

Impact of the precautionary principle on feeding current and future generations

In the EU, the precautionary principle focuses on the process of plant breeding, rather than the product. But it delays beneficial technologies and starts disrupting world trade.

GMO - How much longer can the trade work to EU delays?

Gafta is an international Trade Association promoting trade in agricultural commodities. While the future of GM crop production looks bright, the EU is facing a backlog of unapproved GM products – p.5

Food consumption above the boundary

16% of the world population, or 66 countries, depend on food imported from other countries according to a 2013 study in Environmental Research Letters. Only the countries in dark green are comfortably self-sufficient.

Chavali K. Rao, Foundation for Biotechnology Awareness & Education

India is the second largest exporter of cotton, mostly GM. Chavali Kameswara Rao asks for Europe’s support to progress faster and to disperse unfounded fears surrounding the technology.

Jack Bobo, US Department of State

Europe is the second largest market in the world for biotech products. However, there seems to be a resistance from public opinion to embrace GM technology. Find out why it is important to address and try to solve this issue in order to ensure safe trade.

FFA2014: Pascal Lamy, Notre Europe – Jacques Delors Institute

Pascal Lamy explains how globalisation express itself in agriculture in the context of international trade. There is definitely a need to rely on precautionary administration, stressing the importance of cultural differences. [17:30 – 20:17]

FFA2014: Session on TTIP

In the context of TTIP negotiations, the EU-US trade relations in the food and agriculture sector are now being discussed intensively.  Listen to FFA videos [29:37 – 30:50], [53:00 – 53:54], [58:59 – 01:00:20], [01:04:07 – 01:06:46].

Forum for Agriculture 2014: Paola Testori Coggi (EC)

Europe authorizes GMOs, it doesn't ban them. The authorization is made however after a severe, thorough, long process of evaluation. It is the length of this process which is sometimes criticized by others. [02:45 - 03:36]

GM Science Update: A Report to the UK Council for Science and Technology

This paper considers the recent developments in the science of GM crops since the Royal Society published its report ‘Reaping the Benefits – Sustainable Intensification of Global Agriculture’ in 2009.

Transforming Biotech Farmers in China, India, and the Philippines

Of the developing countries in Asia that grow GM crops, China, India and the Philippines have had the most extensive experience. They represent an unmatched wealth of experience of resource-poor farmers that can provide critical information.

Ten Lessons from Biotechnology Experiences in Crops, Livestock, and Fish for Smallholders in Developing Countries

FAO recently commissioned a unique series of 19 case studies where agricultural biotechnologies were used to serve the needs of smallholders in developing countries.

Trade Partnership Still Stuck On GMOs

European Commission shows reticence on biotech authorization, outlining the possibility of an increase of costs for both European farmers and consumers.

Debunking GMOs

Top 10 countries growing GMO crops and what a study of 1,200 Americans showed

US Ambassador Anthony Gardner: 'We call upon Europe to follow the advice of its own scientific agency'

In an interview with viEUws, Anthony L. Gardner, United States Ambassador to the European Union, discusses the perspectives of the EU-US trade deal with Lénaïc Vaudin d’Imécourt - EU Trade Insights' Editor.

Darci Vetter, US Chief Agricultural Negotiator in TTIP

Ms Vetter emphasises that even if same scientific conclusions on biotech products are reached by EFSA and US regulatory authorities, there are still significant delays in the EU system for approval of products. [05:20]

EU-US Summit

As of 00:44:27 US President Obama responds to EU citizens’ concerns on environment and consumer protection in the context of the TTIP negotiations.

Conversation with Karel De Gucht & Michael Froman

Dialogue between Karel De Gucht, European Commissioner for Trade, and Michael Froman, US Trade Representative, moderated by Nina dos Santos, CNN. The questions of agriculture and innovation are discussed as of 24 min.

Trade and Tribulations: An Evaluation of Trade Barriers to the Adoption of GM crops in East Africa

Trade concerns are often a reason for sub-African countries to adopt a precautionary approach to GM crops, at the expense of farmers and society at large - CSIS report:

CTA Video Guest: Nathalie Moll, EuropaBio. GM crops in Europe

In a video interview for CTA Brussels, Nathalie Moll, Secretary General of EuropaBio, explained how the EU’s GM policies impact trade and developing countries.